MilksnakeUSFWSCropHiss hiss, we got a new state snake here in Illinois! The Eastern Milksnake is our new state snake effective Jan. 1 thanks to a very dedicated seventh grader, Gentry Heiple, a student at Carterville Junior High School. The seventh grader researched the snake to promote his passion of snakes and highlight their importance.

The legislation that made it official was HB 4821, which was sponsored by State Senators Mike Simmons and Patrick Joyce last year.

The Eastern Milksnake is prominent throughout the state, mainly living in fields, hills, rivers and woodlands. Though it looks similar to the copperhead snake, it actually is not poisonous and can even be kept as a pet. Typically the snake can be found in more northern regions in Illinois, whilst the red milksnakes are found in the southern regions. Their name came from the rumor that the snake could milk cows, which was started by farmers to evade the low volume of milk produced by their dairy cows.

Heiple grew interest in snakes due to the Shawnee National Forest being located near his hometown. For the last 50 years, a 2.5-mile segment of Forest Service Road No. 345, also known as Snake Road, is the only known place in the world to have an annual snake-related road closure for spring snake and amphibian migration in mid-March to mid-May for the spring snake migration and in September and October in the fall.

DishwasherJosephine Garis Cochran was the first person to design a practical dishwasher in the year 1886. She designed the first model in a shed behind her house in Shelbyville. Cochran desired to help relieve tired housewives and mothers of their duty of doing dishes after cooking meals. She reportedly went around saying, "If nobody else is going to invent a dish washing machine, I'll do it myself."

Cochran received the first U.S. patent for her commercially successful dishwasher on Dec. 28, 1886. She later unveiled her invention at the 1893 Chicago World’s Fair. She expected the invention to take to homes immediately. However, at first only restaurants and hotels were interested by her idea, and it was not until the 1950s when dishwashers became popular accessories for American homes.  

Her invention had dishes fit in compartments in a wheel that turned inside a copper boiler. It was no surprise Cochran was able to come up with a brilliant idea, as she was born into a family of inventors. Her grandfather was awarded the patent for the steamboat. She built her prototype for the machine alongside mechanic George Butters. Eventually, her invention led to the creation of the company that would later be known as KitchenAid. For her invention, Josephine Cochran was inducted into the Inventors Hall of Fame in 2006.

Cochran built her prototype in Shelbyville and unveiled it at the Chicago World’s Fair. She succeeded in her goal of helping the American housewife, even if it took a few decades for the idea to take off in American households. A common household appliance and its inventor can trace their origins back to Illinois.  

santaHo ho ho! Santa’s appearance at parades is always a site to see, especially to all the children excited to catch a glimpse of him. Did you know that Peoria has the longest running Santa parade in North America? For a record 135 years, the parade kicks off the day after Thanksgiving to officially start the winter holiday season. Starting in 1887, the original parade was in celebration of a new bridge opening, thus was actually in the river. The year after is what began the on-land parade and it has been going strong since.

There is roughly 85 or more contestants in the parade that compete for the best novelty unit, best overall unit, best new entry, best commercial float entry, best non-profit float entry, and best religious float entry – this year’s theme being “Winter Wonderland.” A common tradition that the parade has followed is being right after Thanksgiving to kick off the upcoming winter holiday season with an average of 50,000 parade watchers attending.

The first parade in 1887 originally had boats and derricks sailing down the river as a celebration of the beginning of the new Upper Free bridge construction. However, the year after, the city decided to hold a parade through town, celebrating the completion of the bridge. The following year, Frederick Block of the Schipper and Block Department Store (later renamed Block & Kuhl's) sponsored a parade that followed the same route and featured Santa Claus. The parade was then first televised in 1958.This concept created the department-store sponsored parades that are currently popular at every Thanksgiving and Christmas in America. Talk about iconic! In addition to the parade attractions, there was also fireworks, occasionally a circus performance as well as the adored live reindeer exhibit.

During the first 72 years of the parade, its sponsorship by the Schipper and Block Department Store of Peoria had grown the event to 3,000 parade participants and included a 43-pipe calliope, fireworks and floats constructed by store employees and volunteers. The parade during this time ended with Santa climbing a fire escape ladder and disappearing through a window into the store’s toy department. Downtown Peoria truly is a site to see around the holidays, and having the longest-ran Santa parade makes it the perfect spot to visit to get into the festive spirit.

moviesGotham City, Ferris Bueller’s Parade, and Bill Murray’s never ending Groundhog Day. Chicago and countless other places in Illinois have transformed time and time again under the influence of Hollywood. Many popular films have used the Windy City, and other places in Illinois, for their iconic sets. The Land of Lincoln has ideal filming sets for Hollywood with Illinois’ robust diversity of locations from skyscrapers to farmlands.

The Dark Knight, featuring a thrilling battle between Batman and Joker, is a well-known movie to have been filmed in Chicago. But did you know, Miracle on 34th Street, Uncle Buck and Sixteen Candles were also filmed in the Chicagoland area? Miracle on 34th Street, while set in New York as a little girl defends an old man who thinks he is Santa Clause, was actually filmed all around Chicago. Places like Lincoln Park Zoo and Mount Carmel Senior Center were used for scenes. The iconic comedy Uncle Buck, about an unprepared bachelor watching his brother’s children, was filmed in various spots around the city, such as the Cubs stadium. Sixteen Candles, featuring 80s superstar Molly Ringwald, was filmed around Chicago’s North Shore, mostly at Niles East High School.

Ringwald returned to Illinois to film another iconic film, The Breakfast Club. The tale of five teenagers stuck in detention together was shot in Des Plaines at Maine North High School. The library scene was actually a larger library they built in the school’s gym. Another famous movie filmed in Illinois, but outside Chicago, was Groundhog Day. A 90s classic were Bill Murray’s character is stuck in the same day over and over again. Most of the film was done in the Woodstock area. Another comedy, Wayne’s World, about two friends trying to organize a concert, was filmed in Aurora and Berwyn. While not all of the film was shot in Illinois, some scenes have an Illinois background.

Illinois was used as a set in many iconic Hollywood films, and it does not seem that will stop anytime soon. Movie sets continue to flock to our state for action packed films done in Chicago, comedies using the backdrop of a nice suburb or dramas and romances using the beautiful scenery Illinois has to offer.

jane addams“The good we secure for ourselves is precarious and uncertain until it is secured for all of us and incorporated into our common life,” said Jane Addams, the first American woman to win a Nobel Peace Prize. Addams spent her whole life fighting for the good and equality of everyone. She was the second woman ever to win the Nobel Peace Prize, the first American woman and the first woman from Illinois to win the award. She founded the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom in 1919, and during WWI she worked tirelessly for many years for the great nations of the world to disarm and conclude peace agreements. Before America joined the war she chaired a women’s conference for peace held in the Hague Netherlands, and pleaded with President Woodrow Wilson to mediate peace. Instead America joined the war efforts, and Jane Addams became a loud and outspoken opponent to WWI. Once a peace treaty was made in Germany, the American government recognized her efforts for peace.

She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931, however she did more to achieve this award than fight against the Great War. Jane Addams was born in Cedarville in 1860 and died in Chicago in 1935. In 1881 she graduated from Rockford Female Seminary at the top of her class. During her life she worked to help the poor and stop children from being used in industrial labor. She ran a Hull House in Chicago, a center which helped immigrants, and it was the first settlement house in the United States. She would give speeches all across the nation advocating for the Hull House.

Jane Addams was a strong woman and courageous advocate for peace and equality. She, along with other women reformers, was instrumental in successfully lobbying for the creation of a juvenile court system. Addams also worked to establish a School for Social work at the University of Chicago. She was active in the women’s suffrage movement and was an officer in the National American Women’s Suffrage Association. She was outspoken about women’s rights once saying, “Old-fashioned ways which no longer apply to changed conditions are a snare in which the feet of women have always become readily entangled.”   

Jane Addams accomplished much in her life, always seeking different ways to help those around her. She was a remarkable women who helped to improve Illinois and the lives of many.